American football, simply as football in the United States and Canada, and furthermore known as gridiron, is a group activity played by two groups of eleven players on a rectangular field with goal lines at each end. The offense, the group with ownership of the oval-molded football, endeavors to progress down the field by running with the ball or passing it, while the guard, the group without ownership of the ball, intends to stop the offense’s development and to assume responsibility for the ball for themselves.
The offense should progress somewhere around ten yards in four downs or plays; assuming that they fall flat, they surrender the football to the protection, yet assuming they succeed, they are given another arrangement of four downs to proceed with the drive. Focuses are scored fundamentally by propelling the ball into the rival group’s end zone for a score or kicking the ball through the adversary’s goal lines for a field objective. The group with the most focuses toward the finish of a game dominates.
American football developed in the United States, starting from the games of soccer and rugby. The main American football match was played on November 6, 1869, between two school groups, Rutgers and Princeton, utilizing rules in view of the standards of soccer at that point. A bunch of rule changes drawn up from 1880 ahead by Walter Camp, the “Father of American Football”, laid out the snap, the line of scrimmage, eleven-player groups, and the idea of downs. Later rule changes legitimized the forward pass, made the impartial zone and determined the size and state of the football.
The game is firmly connected with Canadian football, which advanced in corresponding with and simultaneously as the American game, in spite of the fact that its guidelines were grown autonomously from those of Camp. The majority of the highlights that recognize American football from rugby and soccer are likewise present in Canadian football. The two games are viewed as the essential variations of field football.
American football is the most famous game in the United States. The most well known types of the game are proficient and school football, with the other significant levels being secondary school and youth football. Starting at 2012, almost 1.1 million secondary school competitors and 70,000 school competitors play the game in the United States every year.
The National Football League, the most well known American expert football association, has the most elevated normal participation of any elite athletics association on the planet. Its title game, the Super Bowl, positions among the most-watched club games on the planet. The association has a yearly income of around US$15 billion, making it the most important games association on the planet. Other expert associations exist around the world, yet the game doesn’t have the global prevalence of other American games like baseball or ball.
American Football Rules
- Normal play consists of two teams of 11 players on field (one on offence the other on defence) competing during four 15 minute quarters.
- There are usually three ‘time-outs’ per half for each team, with a 12 minutes half-time interval.
- The purpose of the game is to move the ball into the opposition’s ‘end zone’, either by running with the ball until tackled, or by passing the ball to a teammate downfield, towards the end zone.
- Although there are only 11 players from each side on the field at any one time, a team is actually made up of 45 players. The key player on each side is the quarterback who attempts to dictate play.
- Downs are the part of the game which often needlessly confuses newcomers. They are actually fairly straightforward. In a nutshell, the rule is as follows:
- The team in possession of the ball (offence) needs to move the ball forward by at least 10 yards while they are on offence. This is why the pitch has clearly marked yardage lines on it.
- They have four chances, or downs, to gain those 10 yards and if they advance the ball that far, the count resets and the team earns another set of four downs to try go a further 10 yards.
- If the offensive team fails to move these 10 yards within four downs, possession is then given up and the defensive side gets their turn to play offense. Teams will usually kick for a field goal or downfield to the defending team on the fourth down to try and salvage some points before they lose possession.
Scoring in American football
The ultimate aim in American football is similar to pretty much every other sport out there − to score more points than the opposition. Scoring is worked out in the game as follows:
Touchdown (6 Points)
A touchdown is scored when a team crosses the opposition’s goal line with the ball, or catches or collects the ball in the end zone.
Field Goal (3 Points)
A team will usually attempt these on the fourth down – if the kicker is close enough to the end zone to kick the ball through between the upright posts.
Extra Point (1 Or 2 Points)
An extra point is earned by kicking the ball through the uprights after a touchdown (it’s similar to a conversion in rugby). Two points are earned by taking the ball into the end zone again, but since it is more difficult, most teams opt to take the 1pt.
Safety (2 Points)
The defensive team can gain 2 points if they tackle a member of the offensive team with the ball in their own end zone.